Defend Your Trade Mark

Defend your trade mark

Defending Trade Mark
There are many cases that Trademark are infringed and infringement of trademark leads to loss of the company and that’s why the trademark should be protected.

About Trademark:
Trademark is a branch of Intellectual Property Right. A trademark incorporates any word, name, image, or gadget, or any mix, utilized, or expected to be utilized, in business to recognize and recognize the products of one maker or merchant from merchandise fabricated or sold by others, and to demonstrate the wellspring of the products. To put it plainly, a trademark is a brand name. Trademark is a mark or symbol which is capable of distinguishing the goods or services of one from those of others.

Proprietor of Trademark:
Trademark gives protection to the proprietor of the check by guaranteeing the restrictive rights to use into recognize the products or benefits or approve another to utilize it consequently of installment. It works like a weapon in the hand of enlisted proprietor or proprietor of the Trademark is a mark or symbol which is capable of distinguishing the goods or services of one from those of others.

to prevent different dealers from unlawful utilization of the characteristic of the enrolled proprietor. Under section 28 of the Act, the enlistment of an exchange stamp should provide for the enrolled proprietor of the trademark, the restrictive appropriate to the utilization of the check in connection to the merchandise in regard of which the stamp is enlisted and to acquire alleviation in regard of the trademark in the way given under the Act. The proprietor of an exchange check has a privilege to document a suit for encroachment of his privilege and get:
1. Injunction,
2. Damages,
3. Account of profits

Enrollment of Trademark:

According to section 18 (1) of the Trade Mark Act, 1999, any individual asserting to be the proprietor of a trademark utilized or proposed to be utilized by him may apply in writing in recommended way fro enlistment. The application must contain the name of the mark, merchandise and enterprises, class in which products and ventures fall, name and address of the candidate, time of utilization of the check.

"Any Person" implies a Partnership firm, relationship of people, an organization, regardless of whether fused or not, a Trust, Central or State government.
Ventures for enlistment of trademark-
1. Look for the name, gadget, logo, and stamp planned to be connected as trademark.
2. Apply for enlistment of trademark.
3. Examination of use by the registry. Examination report issued by the registry raising protests under various segments of the Trademark Act, 1999.
4. Answering to the official protests and if required, request hearing. Candidate needs to document prove in support of the trademark application.
5. Ad of trademark in official paper/trademark diary with the end goal of resistance recorded by general society inside 3 months from the date of production.
6. In the event that no restriction is gotten, an authentication of enrollment is issued for candidate. The legitimacy time of enrollment declaration is for a long time and after that the same can be recharged subject to the installment of reestablishment charges.

Infringement  of Trade Mark:

Infringement is a breach or violation of another’s right.
As per Black’s Law Dictionary Infringement means an act that interferes with one of the exclusive rights of a patent, copyright and trademark owner”. According to the Trademark Act, ‘A registered trade mark is infringed by a person if he uses such registered trade mark, as his trade name or part of his trade name, or name of his business concern or part of the name, of his business concern dealing in goods or services in respect of which the trade mark is registered. Infringement of trademark means use of such a mark by a person other than the registered proprietor of the mark.

As per Trademark Act, a mark shall be deemed to be infringed mark if:
1. it is found copy of whole registered mark with a few additions and alterations,
2. the infringed mark is used in the course of trade,
3. the use of the infringed mark is printed or usual representation of the mark in advertisement.   Any oral use of the trademark is not infringement.
4. the mark used by the other person so nearly resembles the mark of the registered proprietor as is likely to deceive or cause confusion and in relation to goods in respect of which it is registered.

Protection Against Infringement of Trade Mark:
Under section 29 of the Trade mark Act, 1999, the use of a trade mark by a person who not being registered proprietor of the trade mark or a registered user thereof which is identical with, or deceptively similar to a registered trademark amounts to the infringement of trademark and the registered proprietor can take action or obtain relief in respect of infringement of trademark. In a matter Supreme Court has held that in an action for infringement if the two marks are identical, then the infringement made out, otherwise the Court has to compare the two marks, the degree of resemblance by phonetic, visual or in the basic ides represented by the registered proprietor, whether the essential features of the mark of the registered proprietor is to be found used by other person than only the Court may conclude the matter.

Case Law on Infringement:
Hearst Corporation Vs Dalal Street Communication Ltd., 1996 PTR 1 (Cal)
The Court held that a trade mark is infringed when person in the course of trade uses a mark which is identical with or deceptively similar to the trademark in relation to the goods in respect of which the trademark is registered. Use of the mark by such person must be in a manner which is likely to be taken as being used as a trademark.

In an action for infringement of trademark:
(a) the plaintiff must be the registered owner of a trademark
(b) the defendant must be use a mark deceptively similar to the plaintiff’s mark
(c) the use must be in relation to the goods in respect of which the plaintiff’s mark is registered,
(d) the use by the defendant must not be accidental but in the course of trade.
Infringement occurs when someone else uses a trademark that is same as or similar to your registered trademark for the same or similar goods/services. Trademark infringement claims generally involve the issues of likelihood of confusion, counterfeit marks and dilution of marks. Likelihood of confusion occurs in situations where consumers are likely to be confused or mislead about marks being used by two parties. The plaintiff must show that because of the similar marks, many consumers are likely to be confused or mislead about the source of the products that bear these marks.

Section 29 of Trade Mark Act, 1999 talks about various aspect related to infringement as given in a registered trademark is infringed as given in Sec.29(1) that a registered trade mark is infringed by a person who, not being a registered proprietor or a person using by way of permitted use, uses in the course of trade, a mark which is identical with, or deceptively similar to, the trade mark in relation to goods or services in respect of which the trade mark is registered and in such manner as to render the use of the mark likely to be taken as being used as a trade mark.

Other sub-sections describes that in course of the use of the trademark it is said to be infringing the right of the other company due to use of similar or identical trademark using for marketing of similar kinds of goods and services or use of identical or deceptively similar trademark for any kind of goods and services. It is further given in subsection (9) of this section that the infringement can also be done by the spoken use of those words as well as by their visual representation.


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